Whenever you plan to buy a new smartphone, what confuses you the most? Well, we know that its smartphone specs and terms associated. So, here in this guide, we are going to explain all the key points related to smartphone specs and terms so that you don’t feel confused when buying your next phone.

When you think to buy a new smartphone, various questions keep racing in your mind. How much battery life does the phone have? How good is the screen? What is the internal storage of the device? And many more questions which are stuck in your mind. Devices are so sophisticated and there are lots of technical terms that even experts cannot explain us.

Fortunately, we are here to help you in this matter. In this article, we will explain to you every specs and term of the smartphones which will really help you in the future while buying any of the smartphones. Also, we connected the things with real-world examples to make things more transparent for you.

So, without any further ado, let’s just start exploring all the key smartphone specs and terms one by one.

What is Processor on Smartphones?

This is the first spec you will probably see while buying phones because it literally denotes the performance of the phone. The processor is the heart and soul of your device, which is totally responsible for the speed of your device. Yes, different devices have different processors which are expressed in GigaHertz or GHz.

Furthermore, all the latest processors feature multiple cores, which are individual processing units that can handle various tasks. Processors are also known as ‘system on chips’ or “chipsets” because they are a collection of multiple components on a single integrated circuit. Here is some more description about the processor so that the term get clearer to you.


Qualcomm is the most significant processor brand, which is behind the snapdragon series. Most devices running under snapdragon chipsets or Qualcomm chipsets have broken up their products into four classes that are: 200, 400, 600, and 800.

In this way, the phone gets faster as the numbers are more prominent means that if you buy a phone which contains a ‘Snapdragon 835’ means that you are looking at the Qualcomm’s top of the processor and vice versa.


MediaTek is the second-largest manufacturer of the processor in android devices. The devices with these chipsets are more common in Asia and Europe. MediaTek high-end processor is known as Helio X series, and the lowest end processor is known as Helio P series.

The rest of it totally depends on numbers beginning from MT67 followed by some more numbers. If you get the more significant number, the more effective the processor is.
Other companies produce processors or chipsets exclusively for their own brands like Huawei with its Kirin processor and Samsung with its Exynos processor. Also, you can read this MediTek Vs. Snapdragon post to know more about Android phone processor.

What Is GPU ( Graphics Processing Units)?

GPU is one of another feature that you must see while buying an android device. GPU helps you in handling your device visual output, means that is where the creation of three-dimensional images is concerned. GPU usually come to enhance performance for video games and some of the augmented applications.

The GPU comes with the package of the processor so you won’t find any straight comparison of GPU in different devices. For example, if you are using a Snapdragon system on the chip, then there will also employ one of Qualcomm’s Adreno GPUs. Again the higher the number is, the better than the lowest one.

What Is SmartPhone Memory & Its Types

Memory is one of the most critical components of the smartphone. Memory can be expressed in two ways, and both illustrate different aspects of the devices.

Random Access Memory or RAM As Smartphone Specs & Terms

Random-access memory refers to the memory that is used to store all your active operations. This means that when you load any app, close it and move to the other app, the operations of the first app is stored into your device’s RAM. That means if you return back, all the contents of the app will remain loaded so you can access your app more quickly.

Having more RAM is essential for multitasking because it allows you to switch between apps and helps in doing multiple operations at the same time, even in the background. Most modern phones come with 2 or 3 GB RAM, and it may rise up to 4GB and 6GB. But always remember one thing in mind that more RAM does not mean you will see a better performance of your device.

Read-Only Memory (ROM) As Smartphone Specs And Terms

ROM is more commonly known as storage because it depends on the amount of space you have to store your files and media on your device. All the operations like the downloaded app or clicked images go into your storage. Most of the modern phones come up with 16GB ROM, but the users always demand more, and that’s why there are smartphone variants with 512GB of storage as well.

Moreover, you won’t get access to full storage capacity, because the portion of it is occupied by the device operating system. To increase the storage on your device, many android users use Micro SD card to free up their internal storage by moving apps and media to the micro SD card.

What Is The Display Aspect Of The Smartphone

Display technologies are changing day by day, and several factors affect the quality of the phone screen or display. Manufactures focus on various things like resolution, color and size in the market as it is the first element which attracts the customer to buy any device.

Resolution (i.e. 1920* 1080, 720p, QHD, etc.)

Resolution refers to the number of pixels on display. The latest display contains many pixels which can be expressed as “width by height” figure like 1920* 1080. The higher resolution with more pixels sharpens your image quality.

The best combinations of pixels which can be seen in modern devices are 1280* 720 and 1920*1080 which can be abbreviated as 720p and 1080p.

Aspect ratio (i.e. 16:9, 18:9)

Aspect ratio tells us about the relationship between the width and height of the screen. From a very long time, phones adopted the same aspect ratio, that is 16:9.

But from the past few years, the scenario has changed and phones push towards the wider formats like 18:9. The Galaxy S8 and LG G6 feature screen, which has an aspect ratio of approx. 18:9.


This is the proper guide to smartphone specs and terms. I hope you can now understand these smartphone specs and terms appropriately while buying smartphones.

That’s all for today we will back to you soon with more articles related to android smartphones and technology. Stay tuned with The Android Portal for all the latest updates.

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Ravi is currently associated with TheAndroidPortal. He really likes to test out android gadgets, devices, smartphones and give unbiased opinions. Finding the affordable, and best value option in today's market is what he get up every day for.